ArchwayOnline Course Catalog: Kindergarten-8th Grade

Elementary and Middle School students can choose from any of the courses below. It is recommended to build a student’s Education Plan with an AO Counselor.

English Language Arts

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS K: Kindergarten language arts coursework goal is helping
kindergarteners make connections between letters and the sounds they represent as well
as build vocabulary and basic sight word fluency.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 1: At the end of this coursework, 1st grade students should be
using phonics principles to decode words, discovering the main point and key ideas from a
written text, and beginning to share information in writing as well as make simple edits to
something they have written.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 2: At the end of this coursework, 2nd graders should be able to
read more complex words in a variety of genres, write longer and more detailed texts, and
be able to identify the who, what, when, where, and why of content.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 3: At the end of this coursework, 3rd grade students should
become more independent readers with the ability to read chapter-length fiction books.
They should also be able to develop their own point of view and opinion about written text
as well as write with more structure by using transitions to connect their main points

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 4: At the end of this coursework, 4th graders should be able to
make connections between the text they read and their own lives by analyzing content.
They will also start being able to decode the meaning of words from their context and go
beyond writing facts to writing ideas, observations, and opinions.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 5: At the end of this coursework students will be able to
compare multiple perspectives on the same piece of text, gather information from multiple
sources about a topic, and develop many different types of writing about a variety of topics.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 6: This course eases students’ transition to middle school with
engaging, age-appropriate literary and informational reading selections. Students learn to
read critically, analyze texts, and cite evidence to support ideas as they read essential parts
of literary and informational texts and explore a full unit on Lewis Carroll’s classic novel
Through the Looking Glass. Vocabulary, grammar, and listening skills are sharpened
through lessons that give students explicit modeling and ample practice. Students also
engage in routine, responsive writing based on texts they have read. In extensive,
process-based writing lessons, students write topical essays in narrative, informative, analytical,                                                                                           
and argumentative formats. In this full-year course, students develop a mastery of reading,                                                                                                      writing, and language arts skills.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 7: Students grow as readers, writers, and thinkers in this middle
school course. With engaging literary and informational texts, students learn to think
critically, analyze an author’s language, and cite evidence to support ideas. Students
complete an in-depth study of Jack London’s classic novel White Fang and read excerpts
from other stories, poetry, and nonfiction. Explicit modeling and ample opportunities for
practice help students sharpen their vocabulary, grammar, and listening skills. Students also
respond routinely to texts they have read. In extensive, process-based writing lessons,
students write topical essays in narrative, informative, analytical, and argumentative
formats. In this full-year course, students develop a mastery of reading, writing, and
language arts skills.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS 8: In this course, students build on their knowledge and
blossom as thoughtful readers and clear, effective writers. A balance of literary and
informational texts engages students throughout the course in reading critically, analyzing
texts, and citing evidence to support claims. Students sharpen their vocabulary, grammar,
and listening skills through lessons designed to provide explicit modeling and ample
opportunities to practice. Students also routinely write responses to texts they have read,
and use more extensive, process-based lessons to produce full-length essays in narrative,
informative, analytical, and argumentative formats. In this full-year course, students develop
a mastery of reading, writing, and language arts skills.

LITERACY & COMPREHENSION I: This course is one of two intervention courses designed to
support the development of strategic reading and writing skills. These courses use a
thematic and contemporary approach, including high-interest topics to motivate students
and expose them to effective instructional principles using diverse content area and
real-world texts. Both courses offer an engaging technology-based interface that inspires
and challenges students to gain knowledge and proficiency in the following
comprehension strategies: summarizing, questioning, previewing and predicting,
recognizing text structure, visualizing, making inferences, and monitoring understanding
with metacognition. Aimed at improving fluency and vocabulary, self-evaluation strategies
built into these courses inspire students to take control of their learning.


MATHEMATICS K: Kindergarten math is all about becoming familiar with the basics and                                                                                                                setting a solid foundation. Students will learn to count and recognize numbers, identify
shapes and their attributes, add and subtract numbers, and complete patterns.

MATHEMATICS 1: This year, your student will begin to grasp how mathematics is
everywhere around them. In first grade, students work with whole numbers and place value
as they learn to add and subtract up through 20. They will develop number sense as they
count and compare quantities, describe situations mathematically, and describe objects.

MATHEMATICS 2: Your second grader is advancing in their use of numbers and quantitative
methods. This year your child learns more about place value and explores basic fractions.
Second graders are introduced to “skip counting” as a way to prepare for learning multiplication.                                                                                        They will also learn about money, measurement, and how measures relate to one another.

MATHEMATICS 3: In third grade, not only are students acquiring more advanced skills in
mental math, but they will also learn how to explain the steps they used to solve a problem.
Third graders work to master the multiplication tables and commit them to memory. They
are also introduced to the basics of geometry and will solve math problems involving
objects’ area, perimeter, and volume.

MATHEMATICS 4: In grade four, your child should now have a strong handle on whole
numbers and place value. Mental math becomes more important this year, so having the
major multiplication facts committed to memory can boost math success. Fourth graders
will be building their abilities to approach math problems from a variety of angles and                                                                                                                  using a variety of mathematical methods to solve problems. 

MATHEMATICS 5: As they prepare for middle school, mastery of mathematical concepts and
practices becomes even more vital for fifth graders. Grade five allows students to review all
the foundational skills they’ve learned thus far in areas of numeration, addition and
subtraction up to 6 digits, multiplication to 3 digits, division up to 3 digit divisors, decimals
to the 10 thousandths place, measurement, fractions, geometry, percentages, probability,
statistics and integers.

MATHEMATICS 6: This course begins by connecting ratio and rate to multiplication and
division, allowing students to use ratio reasoning to solve a wide variety of problems.
Students further apply their understanding of multiplication and division to explain the
standard procedure for dividing fractions. This course builds upon previous notions of the
number system to now include the entire set of rational numbers. Students begin to
understand the use of variables as they write, evaluate, and simplify expressions. They use
the idea of equality and properties of operations to solve one-step equations and
inequalities. In statistics, students explore different graphical ways to display data. They use
data displays, measures of center, and measures of variability to summarize data sets. The
course concludes with students reasoning about relationships among shapes to determine
area, surface area, and volume.

MATHEMATICS 7: This course begins with an in-depth study of proportional reasoning
during which students utilize concrete models such as bar diagrams and tables to increase
and develop conceptual understanding of rates, ratios, proportions, and percentages.
Students’ number fluency and understanding of the rational number system are extended
as they perform operations with signed rational numbers embedded in real-world contexts.
In statistics, students develop meanings for representative samples, measures of central
tendency, variation, and the ideal representation for comparisons of given data sets.
Students develop an understanding of both theoretical and experimental probability.
Throughout the course, students build fluency in writing expressions and equations that
model real-world scenarios. They apply their understanding of inverse operations to solve
multi-step equations and inequalities. Students build on their proportional reasoning to
solve problems about scale drawings by relating the corresponding lengths between
objects. The course concludes with a geometric analysis of angle relationships, area, and
volume of both two- and three-dimensional figures.

MATHEMATICS 8: The course begins with a unit on input-output relationships that builds a
foundation for learning about functions. Students make connections between verbal,
numeric, algebraic, and graphical representations of relations and apply this knowledge to                                                                                                        create linear functions that can be used to model and solve mathematical and real-world
problems. Technology is used to build deeper connections among representations.
Students focus on formulating expressions and equations, including modeling an
association in bivariate data with a linear equation, and writing and solving linear equations
and systems of linear equations. Students develop a deeper understanding of how
translations, rotations, reflections, and dilations of distances and angles affect congruency
and similarity. Students develop rules of exponents and use them to simplify exponential
expressions. Students extend rules of exponents as they perform operations with numbers
in scientific notation. Estimating and comparing square roots of nonperfect squares to
perfect squares exposes students to irrational numbers and lays the foundation for
applications such as the Pythagorean theorem, distance, and volume.


Generation Genius is a K-8 teaching resource that brings school science standards to life
through fun and educational videos paired with lesson plans, activities, quizzes, reading
material and more. Our videos are produced in partnership with the National Science
Teaching Association, and aligned to standards in all 50 states.

LIFE SCIENCE (6): Examining a broad spectrum of the biological sciences, Life Science is a
full-year course for middle school students that builds on basic principles of scientific
inquiry and translates those skills to more complex, overarching biological themes. The
course includes units that help students understand the definitions, forms, and
classifications of living organisms and learn to analyze the diversity of each unique group of
living organisms. Other units introduce students to the structures and functions of cells, cell
theory, and cell reproduction. These larger themes are then applied to other topics, such as
genetics, Darwinian theory, and human biology and health. An introduction of ecology
draws all of these concepts together to examine the interrelationships that help to maintain
life on Earth.

EARTH SCIENCE (8): Students enrolled in this dynamic course explore the scope of Earth
sciences, covering everything from basic structure and rock formation to the incredible and
volatile forces that have shaped and changed our planet. As climate change and energy
conservation become increasingly prevalent in the national discourse, it will be important
for students to understand the concepts and causes of our changing Earth. Earth Science is
a two-semester course that provides a solid foundation for understanding the physical
characteristics that make the planet Earth unique and examines how these characteristics
differ among the planets of our solar system.

PHYSICAL SCIENCE (8): This full-year course focuses on basic concepts in chemistry and
physics and encourages exploration of new discoveries in the field of physical science. The
course includes an overview of scientific principles and procedures and has students
examine the chemical building blocks of our physical world and the composition of matter.
Additionally, students explore the properties that affect motion, forces, and energy on Earth.
Building on these concepts, the course covers the properties of electricity and magnetism                                                                                                             and the effects of these phenomena. As students refine and expand their understanding of
physical science, they will apply their knowledge to complete interactive virtual labs that
require them to ask questions and create hypotheses. Hands-on wet lab options are also                                                                                                          available.


Social Studies

SOCIAL STUDIES 2: In second grade, students begin the process of building a strong foundation in elementary school social studies by introducing concepts such as identifying basic human needs for survival. Students learn how needs such as food, clothing and shelter can be attained and why they’re important for all societies. Critical thinking skills are sharpened as students compare and contrast locations on a map and identify map symbols. They also practice using cardinal and intermediate directions to pinpoint specific places such as states, continents, countries and oceans. 

SOCIAL STUDIES 3: In third grade, social studies builds off the previous year by using geographic tools such as maps and atlases to collect data about the earth’s surface. You’ll also introduce your students to geographic terminology such as peninsula and island, and have your children point out examples on a map. Economics is also introduced in elementary social studies during grade 3. Concepts such as the role of banking in our society, how supply and demand affects prices, and the relationship between natural resources and the products they produce will be covered amongst other topics. 

SOCIAL STUDIES 4: In 4th grade social studies, your children will delve deep into Mesopotamian culture, government and the environment where they lived, which included the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egyptian culture will also be covered along with the Mayan, Aztec and Incan cultures. From there, your elementary social studies students will begin the serious study of geography. They’ll focus on using latitude and longitude, practicing geographic terminology such as plateau and channel — and pointing these features out on a map. They will continue to learn more about economics and also begin their United States civics lessons. 

SOCIAL STUDIES 5: As your children progress through their education, they should have an elementary social studies curriculum that is preparing them for the rigors of middle school. By concentrating on the four key elements of social studies, geography, history, civics and economics. In 5th grade your students will focus on topics such as ancient Greece, U.S. history, politics and economics. They’ll also take part in entertaining and informative activities that cover the economic role of government, entrepreneurship, world geography and political science. 

MS ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY (6): This yearlong course covers ancient peoples, cultures, civilizations, and innovations through approximately 300 CE. Students are introduced to historical inquiry skills for application to studies of ancient civilizations. Students explore physical and human geography to explain how ancient people interacted with the environment and understand how civilizations developed. Students study early economies and how trade relations affected culture and language. In later lessons, students examine how early forms of government and technology have had a lasting influence on modern civilization. Throughout the course, students analyze maps and primary sources to identify patterns and make connections across time and space. Students are exposed to diverse cultures and learn to explore the past with historical empathy. 

MS MODERN WORLD HISTORY (6): The MS Modern World History course presents a cohesive and comprehensive overview of world history from the Middle Ages to the modern era. This yearlong course examines the role of conflict and cooperation in shaping the modern world. Students will draw upon and further develop historical inquiry skills as they examine the expansion of global economic, political, and social interactions and question the impact they had, and continue to have, on cultures and nations. Students will explore the lasting effects that revolutions in government and technology have had on peoples, nations, and the environment. Students apply historical inquiry skills to studies of civilizations from the Middle Ages to the modern era. Students study economies and the growth of more complex trade systems, the cultures of and conflicts among peoples and places, the development of political institutions, and the rise and fall of governments. In later lessons, students examine how changes in the arts, technology, and political systems have had a lasting influence on modern civilization. Throughout the course, students analyze maps and primary sources to identify patterns and make connections across time and space. Students are exposed to diverse cultures and learn to explore the past with historical empathy. Students encounter rigorous reading and writing activities for a variety of purposes. These activities allow students to develop literacy and writing skills, as well as critical-thinking and communication skills. 

MS SURVEY OF WORLD HISTORY (6): The year-long MS Survey of World History course provides a basic overview of all aspects of World History from the early River Valley civilizations through our modern world. Students will gain a rich understanding of global cultures and the historical factors that have shaped the world around them. Throughout the course students analyze historical sources and make connections with concepts such as government, economic systems, and technology and innovation. Students encounter rigorous reading and writing activities for a variety of purposes. These activities allow students to develop literacy and writing skills as well as critical thinking and communication

skills. The course begins with units covering ancient civilizations in the regions of Mesopotamia, India, China, and Greece and Rome. Students learn what life was like in ancient times and how the empires rose and fell. Students move on to study the social and political changes that were brought about during the Renaissance and that spurred world-wide explorations. Revolutions, imperialism, and world wars follow with in-depth studies on how these events happened and their influence. As one century ends and the next begins, students study the Cold War as well as the political and economic changes across the globe. The course concludes with the issues facing our global society from environmental issues to the role technology plays in our everyday life. 

MS WORLD CULTURES & GEOGRAPHY (7): Designed to introduce students to the study of geography, this course helps students master important concepts in physical and human geography. Comprehensive and organized by region, this two-semester middle school course helps students understand the Earth’s physical and human diversity. Students analyze population and settlement patterns and evaluate the ways that human activities modify the physical environment. While studying humans around the world, students compare development, standards of living, systems of government, and economic factors across the globe. In addition, students gain a rich understanding of global cultures and the historical factors that have shaped the world around them. All units in the course are parallel and include studies in physical and human geography, ancient cultures, regional studies, and modern issues. 

MS U.S. HISTORY (8): Offering an interactive and comprehensive overview of American history, this course engages and inspires students to learn about the rich and diverse history of America’s native peoples, early European colonization and settlement in America, and the creation of a new nation through the American Revolution. Middle school students enrolled in this course will closely examine major changes brought about by the nation’s reconstruction, industrialization, urbanization, and progressive reforms and consider the implications each of these events had on the expansion of the United States’ global influence through modern times. Over the course of two semesters, interesting course content encourages students to think carefully about the challenges and opportunities facing the United States in the twenty-first century. 

General Electives

(*indicates 1 semester course)

CODE.ORG (K-8):® is a nonprofit dedicated to expanding access to computer
science in schools and increasing participation by young women and students from other
underrepresented groups. Our vision is that every student in every school has the
opportunity to learn computer science as part of their core K-12 education.

TYPING CLUB (K-8): TypingClub offers standards-aligned, grade-based typing courses with
impactful cross curricular content. Lessons are differentiated for each grade, from the
length, to the WPM requirements, to the content itself. With over 800 lessons per course,
learners have ample opportunity to practice their skills while typing grade-level content.

PRODIGY MATH GAME (K-8): As students play Prodigy Math Game, curriculum-aligned
math questions adapt to match their individual progress. Prodigy offers an engaging
in-game experience while students practice important math skills required for their grade


*ONLINE LEARNING AND DIGITAL CITIZENSHIP (8): This one-semester course provides
students with a comprehensive introduction to online learning, including how to work
independently, stay safe, and develop effective study habits in virtual learning environments.
Featuring direct-instruction videos, interactive tasks, authentic projects, and rigorous
assessments, the course prepares students for high school by providing in-depth instruction
and practice in important study skills such as time management, effective note-taking, test
preparation, and collaborating effectively online. By the end of the course, students will
understand what it takes to be successful online learners and responsible digital citizens

CAREER EXPLORATIONS (8): This course prepares middle school students to make informed
decisions about their future academic and occupational goals. Through direct instruction,
interactive skill demonstrations, and practice assignments, students learn how to assess their
own skills and interests, explore industry clusters and pathways, and develop plans for career
and academic development. This course is designed to provide flexibility for students; any
number of units can be selected to comprise a course that meets the specific needs of

*HEALTHY LIVING (6-8): Encouraging students to make responsible, respectful, informed,
and capable decisions about topics that affect the well-being of themselves and others, this
high school course provides students with comprehensive information they can use to
develop healthy attitudes and behavior patterns. Available as either a semester or year-long
course, this informative and engaging course encourages students to recognize that they
have the power to choose healthy behaviors to reduce risks.

HEALTH QUEST (6-8): This middle school Health course introduces students to the concepts
of what good health is, why good health is important, and what students should do in order
to achieve good health. By the end of this course, students will be able to demonstrate an
awareness of health as it applies to their bodies, minds, and environment; identify the
components of a healthy lifestyle; set reasonable wellness goals; and apply health concepts
across multiple contexts.

LIFETIME FITNESS/PE (6-8): Exploring fitness topics such as safe exercise and injury
prevention, nutrition and weight management, consumer product evaluation, and stress
management, this course equips high school students with the skills they need to achieve
lifetime fitness. Available as either a semester or year-long course, Lifetime Fitness
encourages students to assess individual fitness levels according to the five components of
physical fitness: cardiovascular health, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and
body composition. Personal fitness assessments encourage students to design a fitness
program to meet their individual fitness goals.

*INTRODUCTION TO ART (6-8): Covering art appreciation and the beginning of art history,
this course encourages students to gain an understanding and appreciation of art in their
everyday lives. Presented in an engaging format, Intro to Art provides an overview of many
introductory themes: the definition of art, the cultural purpose of art, visual elements of art,
terminology and principles of design, and two- and three-dimensional media and
techniques. Tracing the history of art, high school students enrolled in the course also explore
the following time periods and places: prehistoric art, art in ancient civilizations, and world art before 1400.